A clean river Curubandé of Liberia

I have had the opportunity to visit the farm of my friend Jose M Noguera (Chema) , in Curubandé of Liberia , Guanacaste , Costa Rica.

There I was able to have the experience I had in my childhood, to recognize what is a clean river in its natural state, the White River

This river runs through the farm of my friend Noguera , who was my roommate in University. It has features that make it really beautiful.
First of its blue- gray, cleanliness, clarity and slightly characteristic odor of sulfur, which invite from the first moment you see, to take a fresh and delicious dip.

The river originates in the mountains of Rincon de la Vieja volcano, now converted into a majestic national park, that bears his name, Rincón de la Vieja.

On the farm this comes across a small valley surrounded by huge rocks on both sides of the channel. The bottom is covered with stones covered with moss and lichens, which increases its color.

In middle of the farm of my partner Chema , forming a huge natural swimming pool enables swimming practice without any problems. The water temperature is cool nonetheless be the most critical time of the summer, or dry season, due to lack of rain.
But what is most striking is its cleanliness, because all their banks not observed inorganic waste of any kind, which makes it something to admire in this, when so much pollution, where most rivers in the world have such problems.

The beauty of the place is enhanced by the landscape surrounding the basin of the river bed. In front of the property, or east, a natural forest surrounding the river bed, in which species appreciate trees, shrubs and diverse vegetation of the area, such as Laurus nobilis (laurel), Bombacopsis quinata ( pochote) , Guanacaste Enterolobium cyclocarpum, Cedrela odorata (cedro), among others.

Within the property there is also a diversity of trees among which pochote , teak Tectona grandis , Psidium guajava (guava) , mango Mangifera indica L , Guanacaste , as Psidium spp , black tree Gliricidia sepium.

At the center of the estate is located a house built with characteristics of the Guanacaste region. With very wide corridors, surrounded by native stone walls in the area, stables and sheds for animals (horses and cattle).
The majesty of the river really invites us to reflect on the importance of representing the protection of natural resources, such as rivers, as they are very important for their contribution in the conduction of water for various uses, and its role in the ecosystems.

Leaving the farm you can walk down a rustic road, which communicates with many farms in the region. They offer a very colorful landscape and scenic beauty. As you walk down this one can see on the horizon the majestic Rincon de la Vieja Volcano , located about 15 km from the Noguera`s farm.

My friend Noguera currently developing an ecotourism project on his farm for those interested in knowing the same. You can see more information on their facebook Finca vacacional rio blanco.

fotog finca noguera

jDHernandez. Professor-researsh. Organic Farm CR. Jdhernan27@yahoo.es

Mrs Margarita and her recycling center

Every day I sort my waste and I go once a week, with the

recyclables, the recycling center that directs  Mrs Margarita, in the community where I live, Jesus, Santa Barbara, Heredia.

This project is worthy of comment and support, since it is an example of nature  protection and human solidarity, since the resources that are generated by the marketing of recyclable materials in the Center, are intended for communal dining that she has in her own home. In which receive lunch underprivileged children and vulnerable adults

Seems fair to highlight that work undertaken by this lady, for quite some time, no matter their age, certainly mature enough dedicates its time and effort on behalf of these vulnerable.

The other important part of comment is the support and protection of the environment, which means a project, such as coordinating this Lady. But from what I have seen few neighbors who collaborate with this project recycling and environmental protection, as the principal contributors usable materials are people from other communities who voluntarily bring the materials to the site,  most of them using their own vehicles.

Moreover, it is unfortunate that in communities like this there is no environmental management plan and special collection of recyclable materials from
the local government, and as in many parts of the country, still continues to provide a traditional service with no waste collection previous classification, as the service should be offered, if we want to respect nature and protect natural resources.

Unfortunately there is little awareness of ordinary citizens to demand and  support the classification and separation of waste.

Environmental education is a central theme that is supposed with great depth is included in the plans and programs of study at all educational levels in the country does not appreciate the fruits, and that young people and adults are not sees a radical change, and many of them ignore the environmental awareness campaigns, which unfortunately are seen depositing trash on sidewalks, streets, sewers, playgrounds, parks, among others.

How important and worthy of praise this initiative this lady and his collaborators, many of them elderly, who have embarked on this project, which not only has environmental, joined a humanitarian component, using the resources generated by the community recycling center, implemented in your own home.

jDHernandez. Professor-researsh. Organic Farm CR. Jdernan27@yahoo.es

 

My neighbor and environmental education

Danilo Hernandez. Professor-Research. Heredia Costa Rica.
Jdhernan27@yahoo.es

In the village where I live there is a greater Lord of British origin, who for years spend two days a week to pick up trash that unconscious and irresponsible people, adults, youth and children, thrown on sidewalks, streets, drains and soccer field, in the center of town, around the church, school and residences.

It is very nice to see that this person despite their age give his time to make cleaning this place that other mess, regardless of the environmental damage they cause, in addition to affecting the harmony of nature.

This example makes me think that there is the need to make a change in our culture on nature protection, and environmental problem that is being irresponsible with waste management.

Environmental education should be an permanent action in the formation of citizens, from the earliest stages of life, through its training schools, including pre-school, school, secondary and university.

The concern for environmental protection should be present in all programs of formal and informal education, as a central focus, including in each particular course, regardless of the discipline concerned, from mathematics, arts, sports, languages, science, and technology, among others.

Parents, educators, community leaders, religious and political, must have awareness of the urgent need to train future citizens, culture and discipline of nature protection.

Each person should have clear understanding of the problem of the inadequate waste management, protection of water resources, soil responsible management, the importance of recycling, reuse and reduction.

With respect to the first (recycling), people should be clear that using containers and biodegradable materials, makes plastics, glass, aluminum and paper can be recycled.

Organic wastes that represent a significant amount of waste can be recycled by composting methods or for energy generation.

The reuse materials such as bottles, bags, materials and equipment used perfectly with discipline and personal effort can be reused and thereby avoid increasing the accumulation of waste.

The reduction of energy consumption and non-biodegradable goods should be a priority in everyday behavior of citizens.

Environmental education must be committed to the education of citizens aware of their responsibilities, duties and respect the environment in which it relates.

It is an integrative practice in which schools, home, social organizations, local government  should  maintain close contacts and undertake joint action.

Environmental education must have an ethic that engages all participants of the community, able to move in the direction of social and environmental justice.

Environmental education should be grounded in the basic principle that the human being is part unseparated   of a system that interacts with the rest of the living world and with which it shares, through their interrelationships.

Importance of Green Jobs

Danilo Hernandez. Professor-Research. Heredia Costa Rica Jdhernan27@yahoo.es

Green jobs are considered those work activities that are related to economic actions that promote the improvement and environmental quality.

The foster green jobs have become a determining factor in societies with higher levels of sustainability, in order to preserve an environment through a better quality for the generations of today and tomorrow.

While regions or countries where respect for the environment is not a priority,  in some other societies promoting green jobs is an item of interest to the rulers and to social organizations. And they are worried about implementing policies, practices and strategies that help reduce environmental degradation.

On the other hand the negative effects of climate change, felt  today and is possible to be  increase in the medium and long term, can lead to serious problems in the same economic activities in many sectors of society.

Therefore it is necessary symbiosis between sustainable development and economic growth for the benefit of both. Condition that has not had the required importance in many countries of the continent and the world, as the social aspects of sustainable development, have not had the attention it deserves.

The size of the green jobs should be aimed at reducing pollutant sources and materials, promotion of renewable energy, environmental sanitation, waste management and handling of solids and liquids. Just as the maintenance, repair and recovery of products and materials.

 Green jobs can positively influence to appease the environmental impact at the level of companies and various economic and social sectors. These can contribute significantly to protect ecosystems, promote biodiversity, reduce energy consumption, and water through methods and strategies more effectively.

Moreover green jobs can reduce the carbon footprint or the emission of greenhouse gases, in the economy and minimize or completely avoid the production of all forms of waste and pollution.

A farm level green jobs must be closely related to: energy reduction, reforestation, wildlife protection, watershed protection, savings in water consumption, fair wages and social security, occupational health management pests by methods that do not affect ecosystems and workers, among others.

Culinary and aromatic herbs in organic farm

Danilo J Hernandez. Professor-Research. Heredia Costa Rica Organic Farm
Jdhernan27@yahoo.es

There are plants that generate very nice aroma to the sense of smell and can be grown in homes, farms, gardens, terraces or other places as in order to exploit their aromas and create a pleasant environment for the smell, properties a pleasant environment for the smell and taste.

These plants have a positive effect for the taste properties, which are considered culinary species, are used to flavor, color and make food more palatable and nutritional.
Since these plants has become very important because they can make fully or partially replace salt.

The gourmet food industry and has increased the use of species as natural preservatives, dyes and as antioxidants to replace artificial products. Since these plants have organoleptic properties, influencing the taste, texture, smell, color, producing pleasant sensations when eating.

The culinary use of herbs is growing and increasingly significant consumer demand them.

In the kitchen aromas and properties are more experienced and are rediscovering traditional dishes.

Its main use is in culinary arts is given to flavor meals, stews, soups, sauces, salads and desserts. You can also make flavored oils and vinegars (Basil oil, vinegar, thyme, and many more).

In an ecological farm is possible and necessary to the cultivation of such aromatic plants and culinary purposes. Besides improving the nutritional quality of the meals, for their contribution of vitamins, minerals and fiber.

Some of these are effective pest repellent.

Plants should be selected that are possible to establish the open, as they are demanding the light, fertile soil, water and average temperature 18-30 ª centigrade. Among these are rosemary, oregano, mint, parsley, coriander, , ginger.

Others require more controlled handling of light, humidity and temperature and therefore require to be grown in controlled environment, indoors or in greenhouses, such as basil, albahaca, thyme, garlic among others.
You must also take into account paying attention to possible attacks by pests (insects, mites, etc) Or diseases (fungi, bacteria, etc., to which they are exposed.

There are plants that have triple effect by its use as aromatic, culinary and medicinal, such as basil, thyme, garlic, onion. Thyme, among other.

There are trees that bear fruit, stems or leaves are used as an important part in cooking techniques, such is the case of achiote, tangy lemon, anise, cinnamon, bay leaves,

Some culinary and aromatic plants are:

  • Albahaca Ocimum basilicum
  • Celery Apium graveolens
  • Garlic Allium sativum,
  • Anise Pimpinella anisum)
  • Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
  • Chives Allium schoenoprasum
  • Sweet peper/ chili Capsicum annum
  • Comino / Cuminum_cyminum
  • Coriander Coyote : Eryngium foetidum
  • Cilantro / Coriander Coriandrum sativum
  • Fennel Foeniculum vulgares
  • Ginger Zingiber officinale
  • Laurel Laurus nobilis
  • Peppermint Mentha spp

Oregano Origanum vulgar

  • Pepper Piper nigrum
  • Parsley Petroselinum hortense
  • Pimento, chile dulce, Capsicum annuum
  • Pepper Piper nigrum
  • Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Thyme Thymus sp
  • Onion Alliun cepa

Medicinal plants in an organic farm

Danilo J Hernandez. Professor-Research. Heredia Costa Ri Organic Farm
Jdhernan27@yahoo.es


In all farm production purposes is fundamental ecological cultivation and development of plants and trees that are of interest to health and human welfare.

These plants and trees may have traditionally been part of the culture of the people, which have been used for centuries to restore the health of many generations, which have played a key role as a means to prevent, mitigate and counteract problems caused by illness in people


In herbal medicine used various plant parts such as roots, stems, bulbs, leaves, flowers, seeds.


The plants and trees of interest for therapeutic purposes must be cultivated like other species for agriculture. For what should be considered their adaptation to the ecological conditions of the area and the climate of the region of interest, since they have special requirements relative humidity, solar radiation, minimum and maximum temperature, water availability, wind, between others.

Some have greater emphasis on physical and nutritional quality of soil, the same water requirements. Medicinal plants have differences in their growth cycle, some short periods, just as long.

Differentiation exhibit resistance to pest problems caused by insects, fungi,

bacteria, mites, nematodes among others.


Other species have decreased resilience to adverse weather conditions so require controlled environments.

Plants can be established in a specific part of the farm or can be interspersed within the plantation.

For ecological conditions in Costa Rica there is a fairly large number of species of plants and trees that can be grown for medicinal purposes, and that can help increase farm biodiversity, and even serve to attract species of birds and animals that have displaced by traditional agriculture, based on monocultures.

Some are even ornamental interest so it can be integrated into the arrangement of gardens.

Some trees with medicinal properties can be placed in living fences and some plants can establish themselves as living barriers as components of a program management and soil conservation on the farm.

Among the plants and trees with medicinal effects considered, feasible to establish in Costa Rica, we have:

Avocado Persea americana


Garlic Allium sativum

Artemizia Artemizia absinthium

Basil Ocimum basicum

Celery Apium graveolis

Banana Musa spp

Café Coffee spp

Cinnamon verum Cinnamonum

Cas Psidium friedrichsthalianum

Onion Allium sativum

Coconut Cocos nucifera

Diente de león Taraxacum officinale weber

Gotas amargas Ambrosia cumanensis

Ginger Zingiber officinale

JuanilamaMenta longata

Laurel Laurus Novelis

Llantén Plantago mayor

Lettuce Lactuca sativa

Lemon Citrus spp

Linaza Linum usitatissimum

Malva Malva spp

Chamomile Matricaria. Chamomilla

Mint Menta piperita


Citrus Naranjo sinencis


Noni Morinda angustifolia

Oregano Lippia graveolens

Papaya Carica papaya

Cucumber Cucumis spp

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis

Ruda Route gravelens

Aloe Aloe vera

Salvia officianalis

Tamarindo Tamarindus indica

Tila Tilo spp

Tomato Solanum lycopersicum

Tomillo Tymus vulgaris

Valerian Valeriana officinalis

Lemon grass Cymbopogon citrates

If you need more information write us

Agricultural production in sheltered environment

Danilo J Hernández. Professor-Research. Organic Farm Costa Rica, Heredia
Jdhernan27@yahoo.es

Costa Rica has two defined climatic periods: rainy and dry. Overall, the first between May to November and the second from December to April. In some areas north and Caribbean there is a difference extending the rainy season. But in turn presenting a reduced period of rain after the half.

However, these conditional typical tropical climate is characterized by periods with excess rainfall, hampering production in certain periods, crops less resistant to these conditions, especially the incidence of plant disease problems in vegetables, legumes, fruits and mainly flowers, which make severe cuts and losses to crops.

Moreover, in the dry season there is a reverse phenomenon excess luminosity, high temperatures, which limit the performance of crops, pest problems caused by insects, mites, and plant pathogens, specific to this weather. And the adverse effect of water deficit.

These climatic conditions make the producer has to use different ways to reduce the impact of the effects of these agricultural problems such as pesticide use, with a corresponding increase in production costs and labor.

However, there are technical resources that producers can use to protect their crops and reduce the negative impact of these obstacles. These alternatives are called production sheltered or protected environment. Which have the particularity to help positively impact agriculture under environmental or ecological.

Sheltered environments are obtained through the facilities of closed or semi closed structure, covered by transparent or semitransparent roof, causing situations that achieve optimum crop microclimate.

The agricultural technology is done by controlling the environment in major factors such as temperature, solar radiation, wind, moisture, and soil conditions among which are permeable texture and fertility, among others.

In agriculture in protected environment facilitates the following:

Production more efficiently in vegetables,
fruits, flowers, ornamental and nursery plants).

• Crop protection from extremes of temperature
.
• Reduction of wind speed.

• To reduce negative effects caused by pests,
diseases, nematodes, weeds, birds and spiders
other predators.

• Lower water demand.

• Expand the planting area and cycles
culture.


Possible structures in sheltered environment

Among the possible structures to be used for production in these conditions are:

Protected ceilings. They reduce the outcome of rain on the plants, as well as reduce the humidity and the excess of water in the soil. They also favour a significant change in the environment temperature.

Greenhouses. They are structures designed to completely modify conditions of the environment, since they isolate the cultivation of external environment.

Shade area. They are structures made in order to reduce the direct effect of solar radiation and reduce environment temperature.

For more information you can write with confidence

 

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